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Pet Sins January 2009

The Indian contribution to the mathematics of the Asian continent and beyond

The most visible international influence of Indian mathematics is the numerical symbols of cultures outside India. Thai, Khmer (Cambodian) and Arabic numerals were derived from Hindu numerals.1 In fact, the Arabs refer to their numerical notation as "Indian numbers", arqa-m hindiyyah.2

Many mathematical concepts originating in India were studied by Arab mathematicians who later introduced them to Europe. For more on how the mathematics of India shaped the study of mathematics in West Asia, see:

History of Mathematics in India on Archaeology Online
Wikipedia entry on Indian Mathematics


  1. Wikipedia entry on Hindu-Arabic numeral system
  2. Arabic alphabet, pronunciation and language